Folgosinho

Folgosinho is a beautiful village in the heart of the Guarda District, Serra da Estrela and situated on the northern slopes of the mountain at 933 meters altitude. The village offers spectacular views of the mountain range and it’s surrounding settlements. The beauty of Folgosinho and the surrounding scenery is even more pronounced when viewed from the top of its small but beautiful and elegant castle.

As well as it’s privileged location and beautiful views, Folgosinho is also associated with the figure of the mythical Viriato as well as a curious and interesting tradition of cult of the fountains which is displayed in the many water fountains in the village.

Legend has it that the water has special properties which is possibly linked the cloudy characteristics of the water which is loaded with gas but dissipates to give crystalline, pure mountain water. Many of the fountains have beautiful mosaics dedicated to stories and tributes to the water and it’s fountains.

 

Folgosinho Medieval castle is located in the centre of the village and offer’s a commanding position and panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. Along with the Linhares and Celorico, the castle made up a defensive triangle of the Mondego river valley. It’s structure was built using white – pink quartz stone which gives it a unique beauty. On 25th March 1936, the castle was classified as a Public Interest Building.

 

Castle History

The origins of the Castle are quite diffuse, although the popular knowledge assign the Castle’s foundation to the time of the warrior Viriathus, that was supposedly born in Folgosinho. Viriathus was the most important leader of the Lusitanian people that resisted Roman expansion into the regions of Western Iberia (between 147 b. C and 139 b.C.). Other archaeological studies suggest that the Castle was founded during the Middle Age, as the settlement was being populated.

At the time of the Christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula, King sancho I (1185-1211) awarded her a certificate of charter in 1187, with a view to its strategic position and the need for settlement and defense of the region. His successor, Alfonso II (1211-1223), confirmed his charter (1217). Some authors reported that D. Dinis (1279-1325) repeated the act.

In the sixteenth century, King Manuel I (1495-1521) granted him Foral New (1512). During this period, being the villa and its term, pursuant to their charters, considered as Land of El – King, had the grantees, the Marquis of Arronches, the Dukes of Lafões and the Counts of Miranda do Corvo. Constituted is still in Commendation of the Order of Christ. Nineteenth century to the present day- The administrative overhaul of the kingdom in 1836, Folgosinho ceased to be the county seat, in favor of Gouveia. In the twentieth century, the castle was classified as a Public Interest Property by Decree published on 25 March 1936. [1] currently well maintained, constitutes a regional tourist attraction